Encouraging Language Development with Household Activities

Mum and child reading an illustrated book

With more time at home as a result of the pandemic, it may have been difficult to maintain the different levels of verbal communication that a child encounters. Whether your child can talk yet or not, it’s important to continue talking with them. Research has shown that the number of words children hear in their first days, months and years have a huge impact on their development in later life.

Brain Building

Following the child’s lead is important in terms of brain development, and the development of language. Children develop a sense that what is going on in their mind is interesting and important to their carers. It motivates them to learn actively and engagingly rather than by repetition or simply hearing words spoken.


You don’t need to ‘teach’ your child, you can help them learn just by noticing what they are interested in, following what they are doing, and being curious.


Involving children in activities that they show interest in around the house, as you get on with daily tasks such as housework, feeding the pets or deciding what’s for lunch are all ways to encourage language and cognitive development.

Serve and Return

An “environment of relationships” is crucial for the development of a child’s brain architecture. This early development lays the foundation for later outcomes such as doing their best at school, mental health, and getting on with others.


A child’s “serve and return” interaction with adults provides experiences that are unique to the child’s personality. These interactions build on their interests, capabilities, and initiative as well as shaping the child’s self-awareness and stimulate the growth of their heart and mind.


The Harvard Centre have explained serve and return into 5 easy steps.

Giving Children Choices

Choices are restricted at the moment so giving a child the choice between two different activities (even if both are considered to be a household ‘chore’) gives them a sense of control in what they are doing and builds their confidence.


There will be much that is outside of a child’s control and worrying/frightening, it can support wellbeing and promote resilience to give children some choices in the things that can be controlled.


For example, you could ask them ‘would you like to use the brush or hold the dustpan?’, or to offer them age-appropriate responsibilities so that they feel there is something they can contribute.


It is important to offer praise for the things that are done, as well as letting them know that mistakes are OK.

Early Communication Activities

Child reading an illustrated book

The ideas below come from Home-Start’s LENA programme, aimed at children from birth to the age of 3. They could be especially helpful now we are ‘Being at Home’ even more than usual.

Washing clothes

There’s a novelty in watching the washing machine go round – this is a perfect opportunity to involve children in the process.



  • Watching the washing machine go round – pointing out each person’s clothing
  • Feeling the vibration as it spins
  • Making sounds with the vibration


  • Sorting the washing into colours and naming items of clothing
  • Folding the clean laundry
  • Putting away – ‘who’s socks are these?’


Sorting out boxes and bottles into the recycling can be an opportunity to talk to a child about what’s on the box, what happens to recycling and why it’s important.



  • Vocabulary – ‘all gone’, ‘empty’
  • Building with empty packages
  • Stacking


  • Sorting materials – plastic, paper etc
  • Colours of recycling bins
  • Sizes of packages 

Tidying up

Tidying up is great preparation for school and nursery, which will often have ‘tidy up time’. It’s also (sometimes) a good incentive – if they tidy up they can have lunch or play with something new! 


Infants and toddlers

  • Naming
  • Sorting – these go together
  • Counting
  • Colours

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